Situated in the extreme southwestern corner of Uganda on border with volcanoes national park in Rwanda, Mgahinga national park is Uganda’s smallest park with an area of 33.7 sq km but offers a great diversity of wildlife and cultural encounters of the forest inhabitants and shortest people on earth of the Batwa tribe. The park is marked by 3 distinct volcanic mountains rising at an altitude of 4,127 (highest peak) meters above sea level with four unique vegetation zones of open woodland forests, bamboo forests at 1,800 meters, tropical montane forests at 3,200 meters and the moorland afromontane belt above 3,500 meters consisting of bare rocks, rare species of plants such as giant lobelias, groundsels and tree heathers.
Mgahinga National Park sits high in the clouds, at an altitude of between 2,227m and 4,127m. As its name suggests, it was created to protect the rare mountain gorillas that inhabit its dense forests. Mgahinga is the Ugandan park of the Virunga Ranges and it is one of the three Virunga Parks that protect the mountain gorillas. The park is also an important habitat for other wildlife.
Mgahinga Gorilla National Park was gazetted to protect two rare species of primates which are critically endangered, that is the mountain gorillas and the rare golden monkeys. Being a former kingdom of the indigenous Batwa pygmies previously forest dwelling, it has a great cultural importance attached to the ancient heritage of forest warriors, the Garama caves is an evidence to prove the lifestyles of Batwa people in modern times.
Besides the mountain gorillas and golden monkeys, the park is a home to over 76 mammals, 350 species of birds including the Albertine rift endemics as well as various plants of medicinal importance. The park offers a wide range of tourist activities such as gorilla trekking, golden monkey tracking, bird watching, mountain climbing, cultural trails and ancient Garama cave exploration as well as country boundary nature walks where you will get a chance to stand in all three countries (Uganda, Rwanda and DRC) from one stand point view with breathtaking views of the Virunga mountains.